16 noviembre, 2012

Shanghai, China - International Conference 2012

Shanghai, China - International Conference 2012

Here are some of the papers
Technology, society and the importance of East-West Coexistence for innovation and sustainability
Professor David Wheeler
 Plymouth University. United Kingdom
The world faces deepening crises of environmental degradation, global poverty and economic uncertainty (Juniper, 2012). Meanwhile, meeting the needs of a world of 9 billion people in 2050 will require significant levels of technological and a social ingenuity to satisfy (Hart, 2005). The scale of the transformation that is required to more resilient and sustainable social, economic and ecological systems that will be required in coming decades is enormous. It will require almost total decarbonisation of the energy supply and transportation industries and a  revolution in food and water production and distribution efficiencies, in addition to social system that raise billons of people out of poverty.
In this context, the celebration of some commentators (Fukuyama, 1993) in the “defeat” of communism and the “triumph” of liberal western democracy has now been exposed as both premature and inaccurate (Wheeler et al, 2010). The continuing stagnation of capitalist economies in Europe and the US, built on unsustainable levels of debt and demand exposes the current western model of capitalism as inadequate –on its own- to deliver the transformation required.
In this presentation I will draw inspiration from centuries of scholarchip, innovation and technological creativity en East Asia (Menzies, 2008), South Asia and the Middle East. And I will argue tha the world now needs a new synthesis of East-West and North-South wisdom to secure global environmental, social and economic sustainability. This synthesis will not be generated by those existing structures and system that have failed to deliver global sustainability to date. In achieving this new synthesis, no single system of beliefs or social organization is likely to deliver all the answer. Instead, scholar and policymakers must strive to challenge each other in a creative and inquiring way, sharing knowledge and learning from each other`s perspectives.
I will also draw on system thinking and theories of entrepreneurship to advocate for practical and actionable initiatives in East-West co-existence for innovation and sustainability. These will include opportunities for innovation in management education (Kurucz et al, 2012), opportunities for innovation en industrial cooperation, and opportunities for technological innovation that meet the needs of global society and the environment.
Shanghai, October 29th, 2012

Management of Technology in the University of Peru
Nemesio Espinoza.
Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Lima-Peru)
Science and Technology offers competitive advantages for the construction of the economic and social progress of countries with human development. Human development means essentially providing the population higher standards of living (food, education, health and housing). 
Although Science, Technology and Innovation can also be used to cause harm (e.g. military science and technology), they are an absolutely necessary condition to promote the development of humanity. Today, at the dawn of a new century and a new millennium, there can be no human development without science and technology.
Prosperous countries in the world are the countries that have kept pace with scientific and technological progress.
Peru, is a country of great advantages expressed in their natural wealth and biodiversity. However, there is still poverty and extreme poverty because Science and Technology are not part of the national culture and, consequently, Peru still lacks of competitive advantages for its development.
In this context, it is a must for the Peruvian University to play a leading role in the production of Science and Technology. However, Peruvian University is highly professionalizing; Science and Technology are not matter of great importance.
The university, by its inherent nature, is a cloister of Scientific Research, a producer of science and technology. The University is the main formative influence on scientists; it teaches, produces and disseminates science; builds knowledge; manages and transfers technology. In Peru, the university, for being eminently professionalizing, does not produce science or technology in the quality and levels that today times require. In the Peruvian University, production and management of science and technology are not priority activities. That is why none of the universities in Peru appear in the rankings of the best universities in the world. The world's best universities, noted for their scientific and technological production, are from the most advanced countries (U.S., EU and Asia). In Latin America, these universities are from Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Chile.
If Peruvian University does not research, not produces science, technology and innovation and is limited only to manufacturing professionals, it is easy to deduce that its professional training is not good. It cannot be good because today professional competitiveness is associated with Science and Technology.
The reality described in the previous paragraph also corroborates the fact that Peruvian university is excluded in the world and in Latin America. If the countries of the most important scientists communities of the world (U.S., England, Japan, Germany, Israel, China People, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, etc..) appear in the global rankings of Science and Technology is because their universities (Harvard, Cambridge, Jiaotong University, University of Tokyo, Berlin, Jerusalem, Sao Paulo, UNAM, Chile, Buenos Aires, etc..) investigate, produce, manage and disseminate science, technology and innovation. These universities discover, invent, create.
In Peru, none of the universities stand out, even at the regional level, in terms of what the production of science, technology and innovation in the XXI century and the third millennium are. Peru does not appear in the global statistics on science and technology, because its universities, that must primarily develop scientific research, do not produce it.
For these reasons, there is the need in Peru of a restructuring of the university, through the recognition of its important role in the production and management of Science and Technology, and as a part of a national state policy that contributes to the gradual construction of a new society with sustained national scientific culture.
Shanghai, October 29th, 2012
Speakers of the International Conference, Shanghai 2012

The impact of technological Innovation Capabilities on product strategy and firm performance: an empirical investigation in China
Dr. Juan Shan
School of Management, Shanghai University
This paper examines how technological innovation capabilities (TICs) affect product strategy and firm performance. In doing so, we draw on innovation management literature to justify the influence that the firm`s technological activity has on their product strategy and firm performance. In addition, we use concepts derived from literature on technological innovation to identify different capabilities that firms may develop to manage their innovation process. i.e., those related to investment, production and linkage.
These are the basis of our hypothesis in which TICs identified are related to firm`s product innovation and global performance. Empirical work is carried out on a sample of 215 firms in Chinese electronic industry.
We use structural equation modeling to test our research hypothesis. Our findings show that TICs have a positive impact on product innovation and the product innovation exerts also a positive influence on firm performance. However, TICs don`t exert any influence direct on firm performance. Thus product innovation plays a mediating role between TICs and firm performance. Implications of the findings for both academics and practitioner are examined.
It is generally agreed that the two major issues facing the world economic system today are the globalization and technological change. Both of them create and foreclose opportunities for the emerging countries to enhance their technological innovation capabilities (TICs) which are considered as the main driver of competitiveness and long-term economic development.
Shanghai, October 29th, 2012

Green energy innovations: exploring technological Catch-Up strategies of Chinese firms in the photovoltaic and wind power industries
Steffen Wolfer
Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Germany
The People’s Republic of China has long been caught in the balancing act between accelerated growth and associated environmental as well as social effects eventually even con-straining further economic expansion. Nowadays, the authorities have been proactively pressing claim on restructuring the economy towards a more sustainable trajectory. China’s emerging industrialization shall hence be increasingly subject to compliance with environmental and social concerns. Innovation is thereby not only attributed a key function in contributing to fulfillment of government sustainability targets. In particular –further- developing indigenous innovation capabilities in technology is recognized to be crucial to enhancing national competitiveness. Accordingly, the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015) now puts special emphasis on the promotion of seven “Strategic Emerging Industries” (SEIs) where Chinese firms are intended to succeed on a global scale –of which three are devoted to the environment  and energy sector: ·Energy Efficiency and Environment”, “New Energy Vehicles”, and “New Energy”. Most notably, purposively boosting innovation in the domestic photovoltaic and wind power industries pertains to the government’s key development priorities for –more- sustainable industrial growth. In the course of this dissertation project we intend to shed more light on the way in which China’s technology ambitions are put into practice at the firm level. More specifically, we aim to comparatively investigate the strategies green energy firms in the photovoltaic and wind power industries consider for building eco-innovation capabilities.
Shanghai, October 30th, 2012

 Keynote speaker profile and speech:
The post 2015 development agenda: Reconciling technological and sustainable advance
Ramu Damudaran
Chief of the Civil Society Service, Outreach Division,
Department of Public Information, United Nations
Creating future Business Schools: Embracing innovation, internationalization, entrepreneurship and sustainability
Professor Li, Yuan
Executive Dean, Antai College of Economics and Management,
Shanghai Jiaotong University
Professor Wang Huijoing
Former Vice President of Academic Committee
of Development Research Center. Beinjing.

MBA at crossroad: Integration of Western management with Eastern Philosophy
Professor Yan Xu
Executive Dean, Business School Director of EMBA
Professor Regina Huang
Vice Dean of Business School East China University
of Science and Technology
Shanghai, October 30th, 2012
How to arrive from Lima to Shanghai (China)
It’s a long way. It takes 23 hours of flight
This is route: Lima – Amsterdam (Holanda) / Amsterdam – Shanghai.  From Lima to Amsterdam it takes 12 hours of flight. 9 hours flight over the sea (Ocean Atlantic). From Amsterdam to Shanghai it takes 11 hours of flight over Asia.

Shanghai is the largest city by population in the People’s Republic of China and the largest city by population in the world. Have a total population of over 25 million. It is a global city, with influence in commerce, culture, finance, media, fashion, technology, and transport. It is a major financial center and the busiest container port in the world.
How to arrive from Shanghai to Beijing (Pekin)
I've gone from Shangahai to Beijing by train. It takes 5 hours at a rate of 300K/H in modern train.
Pekín (or Beijing) is the capital of the People’s Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world. Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural and educational center.
The Mao’s picture at the Forbidden City (Imperial Palace), in the historic Tiananmen Square.  Mao Tse Tung (or Mao Zedong) was the great lider of China. In 1949 created the People’s Republic of China with Communist Party of China.
The Great Wall.  The Great Wall symbolizing China’s ancient civilization is one of the world’s most renowned projects. Construction of the wall began during the 7th century B.C. It’s total length is more than 6,700 kilometers.
In the picture I’m in the Great Wall (at Badaling Section). It’s 14.00 pm (02 am in Lima). You see the snow, in that condition impossible to walk on the Wall of China. I felt a great admiration for the great work of the chinese people.